A burning Problem in the present day of India is ‘Untouchability’. We Should ensure and make sure of what exactly we are meant for, what are the fundamental duties and rights are existing in India. So, to get an idea here is an topic about Overview of The Untouchability – A Social Evil.We all know in the Modern India Period 1947-1951 Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Plays an important role on Untouchability. Let us elaborate to Know More…
WHAT IS UNTOUCHABILITY ?
Untouchability is a Social Evil. Once it was widely practiced. It is still found in present days in some parts of the country. It is Unfortunate that Some people treat some others as Untouchables. Though it has a practice of its roots in the social structure.
STRUCTURE Of UNTOUCHABILITY :
Indian Society is divided into different castes. In the distant past these castes were formed based on the job or profession one took up. People who took up mean and unclean works were kept away from the remaining sections of society. Slowly they began to be treated as untouchables.
In some cases men who violated the established customs and traditions were treated as outcastes. They were not allowed into the village but had to live away from it. These practices gradually took the ugly shape of untouchability.
Great men like the Mahatma Gandhi worked all their lives for the removal of this practice. Mahatma Gandhi said that untouchability is a blot on humanity.
Hinduism would die if this practice is not driven out. He called the outcastes as Harijans, defines as the beloved people of God.
Earlier Adisankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Basaveswara and Vivekananda condemned untouchability.
All great men and social reformers that there are no untouchables in the world.
However the practice continues to live the country. After the Independence many laws have been made to curb untouchability. Harijans now enjoy some special constitutional rights. Much is being done to improve a lot.
Students belonging to these communities are given scholarships and other such facilities. Reservations are provided in jobs. Because of all this now the Dalit’s enjoy a position of Honour in the Society.
Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR CONTRIBUTION VIEW ON UNTOUCHABILITY :
The Great Contribution of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar which represent the view for the cause of Scheduled Castes was that in the Constitution of India, the fundamental rights including equality before the law were made applicable to all the Citizens of India irrespective of Caste. There was a glory of The Constitution of India which safeguards the rights of Schedule Castes. The Provisions of The Indian Constitution is Highlighted as :
1). Equality before Law – Article 14
2). Prohibition on Discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, race, sex, date of birth – Article 15
3). Equal Opportunity in matter of Public Employment – Article 16
4). Abolition of Untouchability – Article 17
5). Freedom of religion – Article 25
6). Welfare State – 38
7). Protection from In Justice – Article 46
8). Welfare of Tribals – Article 164
9). Right to Vote – Article 325
10). Adult Suffrage – Article 326
11). Reservation of Seats for Scheduled Castes – Article 330
12). Reservation for Elections to be Temporary – Article 334
13). Reservation of Elections to be Temporary – Article 335
14). Special Officer for Scheduled Caste and Tribe – Article 338
15). Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes – Article 341 and 342
However there is a great contribution of Ambedkar for evolving and make ensure to be equality in all cases and the act was passed “Untouchability Offences Act, 1955 for Crime under Untouchability.
Untouchability has not completely gone away from the Indian Society and still practice in remote villages in backward areas. Occasionally there are many reports on Scheduled Castes. These can be eradicated with only of Indian Citizens that all are equal.