Union Government Replaces Planning Commission with NITI Aayog :
Union Government on 1st January 2015 has set up the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog. NITI Aayog that replaced the 65 years old planning commission will be headed by Prime Minister. It will have a governing Council comprising Chief Ministers of all states and Lt. Governers Of Union Territories. Apart from this, the NITI Aayog will also have a Vice-Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) for the fixed tenure in the tank of Secretary to the Government of India, who will be appointed by the Prime Minister of India.
NITI AAYOG BUREAUCRATS :
• First Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog – Sindhushree Khullar (With effect of January 1st 2015)
• Present CEO of NITI Aayog was – Shri. Amitabhkant
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 5th January 2015 appointed economist Arvind Panagariya as Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog
NITI AAYOGS FUNCTIONS :
The NITI Aayog have been described as the Bharatiya approach to development. The Aayog has been tasked with a role of formulating policies and direction for the government and serving as a Think-Tank, it will provide a national agenda for Prime Minister and Chief Ministers. It will also provide relevant strategic and technical advice across the spectrum of Key elements of Policy, like economic matters of national and international importance.
LIST OF NITI AAYOG FUNCTIONS THAT WILL BE UNDERTAKEN :
• It will develop mechanisms for formulation of credible plans to the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.
• Special attention will be given to the sections of the society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.
• It will also create a knowledge, Innovation, and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and partners.
• It will offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
• It will also monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and focus on technology upgradation and capacity building.
INTRODUCTION TO THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA :
Today here is an interesting article about The Indian Constitution. In a span of few days there are some competitive exams which will be useful for all the aspirants.
So, Here we can demonstrate all important point’s.Keep in mind that the article which is published is most important topic in every kind of exams. As we are Citizens of India We should know little bit about The Indian Constitution..So,we just focussed and Highlighted the trending points which are going to ask in the Competitive exams.Not only for the exam manner but it’s our duty as Indians.
Then let’s have a look and be patience when you’re reading because we cannot decide by reading the first paragraph.So, Kindly make sure of your reading intelligence.
Our Indian freedom fighters fought for many years because of our country were under the rule of Kings and queens, they wanted the government to be democratic and ruled by the people by themselves with the help of elected representatives.
#1. History of Constitution :
The British came to India as part of their trading but due to some circumstances they what to occupy the nation and ruled by the British.They wanted to retain the system and controlled all resources and ruled as they willed. India is the second largest country in population and also there are many resources.We just say India is my Country but we should proudly say’s that we are Indians.
#2. Overview on Making of The Indian Constitution :
The Indian Constitution was drafted under very difficult situation’s.The country had been controlled by Britain for many years.The country had been partitioned by community conflicts. And,a large part of Country was ruled by Princely states.There were huge differences between rich and poor, due to this there is also difference between men and women,Upper and lower caste too.But our leader are strong enough to do and they were concerned about keeping country together and not to break up.Our leaders fought and they are immense respect and strong role in the running of the country.
Stop…Are you getting Bored about the history facts.So, just read the below lines.You will get some boost up yourself.
Rajiv Gandhi Quote
So come back to the topic……
Literacy levels and education were very low, but lakhs of people had died in the movement.The whole country was depends upon the foreign nations even for basic needy things like food grains too.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA AMENDMENTS :
Upon strong discussion of our leaders on the national movement,got the point about –How could we make a better society after Independence??
All most all leaders agreed that Independent India would be governed according to the principles of democracy :
-every one will be equal before law and will have certain fundamental rights guaranteed to them.
-the government would be built by general elections based on the principles of “universal adult franchise” or right of every adult citizen irrespective of gender,caste,religion,education,or wealth to vote in elections.
Facts about Indian Constitution
Even before independence in 1928,Motilal Nehru and eight other Indian National Congress leaders drafted constitution for India. In 1931 , the Karachi session of the Indian National Congress discussed about how to independent India’s Constitution should look like.There are two documents that were accepted are universal adult franchise, right to freedom and equality.
#3. Constituent Assembly :
-The constitution was drafted by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly.
-Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946.
-First Meeting was held in December 1946.
-With the partition of the country in August 1947,the Constituent Assembly was divided into the Constituent Assembly of India that of Pakistan.
-The Indian Constituent Assembly had 299 members.
-The Assembly adopted the constitution on 26 November 1949 but it came into force from January 26 1950.
-Dr.Rajendra Prasad became the first President of the Constituent Assembly and later became the first President of India.
-To mark this day we celebrate January 26 as Republic Day of the Year.
-Then after Our first Prime Minister of India” Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objective Resolution” of some basic principles on December 13, 1946.
-Then a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar prepared a draft Constitution for discussion.
-After a long discussion and debates of drafting committee important points are noted and the reports are submitted.
-After scrutinising The President of Constituent Assembly signed the draft on 26th November 1949 and enacted from 26th January 1950.
-From this there are 12 Schedules and 395 Articles in the Constitution of India.
We should know about the articles.
#4. CONSTITUTION OF INDIA ARTICLES :
There are 22 Parts and 395 Articles
Part- I (Article 1-4 ) – THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY
Part- II (Article 5-11 ) – CITIZENSHIP
Part- III ( Article 12-35 ) –
INDIAN CONSTITUTION FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS :
. Right to equality
.Right to Freedom
.Right against Exploitation
.Right to Freedom of Religion
.Cultural and Educational Rights
.Saving of certain laws
.Right to Constitutional Remedies
Part- IV (Article 36-51 ) – DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
Part IVA (Article 51A)- FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
Part- V (Article 52-151 ) – THE UNION
Part- VI (Article 152-237 ) – THE STATES
Part- VII ( Article 238 ) – DISTRIBUTION OF REVENUE BETWEEN UNION AND STATE
Part- VIII ( Article 239-241 ) – THE UNION TERRITORIES
Part- IX ( ) – THE PANCHAYATS
B.THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES
Part- X (Article 244-244A ) – THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS
Part- XI (Article 245-263 ) – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UNION AND STATES
Part- XII ( Article 264-300A ) – FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS
Part- XIII (Article 301-307 ) – TRADE,COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIA
Part- XIV ( Article 308-323 ) – SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND STATE LIST
Part- XV (Article 324-329) – ELECTIONS
Part- XVI (Article 330-342 )- SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING CERTAIN CLASSES
Part- XVII (Article 343-351) – OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
Part- XVIII (Article 352-360) – EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
Part- XIX (Article 361-367) – MISCELLANEOUS
Part- XX (Article 368 ) – AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION
Part- XXI (Article 369-392 ) – TERRITORY TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS
Part- XXII (Article 393-396 ) – SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALS
#5. Constitution of India Preamble :
Preamble of Constitution
There are some interesting aspects about our great leaders what they have given promise.
I shall strive for a constitution which will release India from all that Dromore and patronage….I shall work for an India in which the poldest shall feel that it is their country in whose making they have an effective voice; an India in which there shall be no high class and lower class of people ; an India in which all communities shall lI’ve in largest harmony. There can be no room in such an India for the course of untouchability or the curse of the intoxicating drinks and drugs. Women will enjoy the same rights as men..I shall be satisfied with nothing else.