Top Most Famous Historical Places in India

India is one of the famous tourist destination spot across the world. Thousands of visitors visit historical places in India. In this article we have demonstrated the historical places information.

HISTORICAL PLACES INFORMATION:

Agra
  • Agra and Fatehpur Sikri: The Taj Mahal needs no introduction, for this ‘dream in marble’ has put the city of Agra very definitely on the international tourist map. Built over 22 years, the Taj marks the most developed stage in Mughal architecture. A mausoleum for Empress Mumtaz Mahal, built by her beloved, Shah Jahan, Taj is a marble marvel.
Ahmedabad
  • Ahmedabad: Founded in 1411 AD by Ahmed Shah. Ahmedabad was at one time considered to be India’s finest city. Many buildings show a blend of Hindu and Muslim styles, which make the true Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. Important sights in Ahmedabad include the shaking minarets of the Rajpur Bibi and Sidi Bashir mosques, the finely carved screens of the Sidi Sayyid mosque, the Jama Masjid and Ahmed Shah’s masjid (mosque).
Ajmer
  • Ajmer: About 132 kms. from Jaipur is Ajmer, one of the most sacred of all Muslim pilgrimage places in India. However, the Dargah (mausoleum) of the Sufi saint, Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti, attracts pilgrims of all faiths.
Akbar’s Tomb
  • Akbar’s Tomb (Sikandra): It is about 10 km from Agra. It’ stands in a spacious garden with 4 imposing gateways of architectural merit and surface ornamentation inlay. Akbar designed the mausoleum for himself and commenced building it, but it was completed by his son Jahangir in 1612 AD. It ‘shows Hindu influence.
Alai Darwaza
  • Alai Darwaza: It is situated in Delhi. The mosque• was built during the period of Alaud-din KhilJi (12961316 AD).
  • Amaravati and Nagarjunikonda: Several Buddhist settlements, dating back to the 2nd century B.C. have been excavated in Andhra Pradesh towards the coastal belt. The earliest appears to be Amaravati, where an enormous Stupa was located.
Amar Nath Caves
  • Amar Nath Cave: It is a celebrated cave which is visited by thousand of pilgrims from all over India on the Full moon day of Sawan. Situated at a height of 12,729 feet above far away up the sea-level, Liddar Valley it lies in in a Kashmir. long glacial In the gorge southeast corner of the cave is the holy ice-lingam, which is self formed and is believed to increase and decrease in Size with the Waxing and waning of the moon.
Amritsar
  • Amritsar and Anandpur Sahib: The most holy of Sikh shrines, the Golden Temple, is located in Amritsar, the largest city in the Punjab. It was found 400 years ago by the fourth Sikh Guru, Ram Das, and his son the fifth Guru, Arjun Dev, built the temple. Several gurudwaras, or Sikh temples, are places of Pilgrimage for they are associated with acts of the Sikh Gurus. Among them is Anandpur Sahib, not far from Chandigarh, where an enormous fair is held during the spring festival of Holi.
  • Arhai-din-ka-jho-pra: It is the second mosque built in India. It is situated in Ajmen It was founded by Qutubud-din Aibak in 1199 AD. And subsequently expanded by Iltutmish in 1230 AD.
  • Atala Masjid, Jaunpur: Situated in Jaunpur It was begun earlier but completed in 1408 AD. It was built during the period of Ibrahim Sharqi (1401-1440 AD). It is the earliest and the finest example of Sharm Architectural style.
  • Badrinath Temple: Located in Garhwal (Uttarkhand), on the banks of Alaknanda, it is one of the most sacred Hindu temple. It is dedicated to Vishnu. Two hot water springs are (from the mountainside) just below the temple.
  • Bangla Sahib: A famous Sikh shrine in New Delhi, dedicated to the memory of the eighth Sikh Guru Har Kishan (1656-1664), who stayed here.
  • Belur Math: Established by Swami Vivekananda in January 1899, at Belur 8km. north of Kolkata on the bank of Ganga. It is the head quarter of the Ramaknshna Mission and the chief centre of the Ramakrishna order of monks, from where all the missionary, philanthropic and spiritual activities are organised.
  • Bhubaneshwar: Lingarja temple, 36.5 m tall, is famous for triple-tier mouldings with numerous prestigious and sculpted niches. It is the capital of Odisha.
  • Bijapur: At Bijapur, site of another former kingdom, stands the Gol Gumbaz, a mausoleum whose dome is second only to St. Peter’s at Vatican City in terms of diameter It is situated in Karnataka.
  • Bodh Gaya: It is one of the most sacred pilgrimage centres for Buddhist. The temple marks the spot of the Buddha’s enlightment. It is situated in Bihar.
  • CharMinar: It was in 1591 AD that Sultan Quli Qutub Shah of Golconda, had the town’s landmark built the CharMinar which dominates Hyderabad’s skyline even today.
  • Chamkatti Mosque, Gaur: Located in Bengal, it is among the early ones built in the special Bengal style. The use of glazedtiles decoration in and around the panels constitutes the main scheme of ornamentation.
  • Chamba: The legendary valley of milk and honey, Chamba is almost unrivalled in beauty. Valleys, meadows, rivers, lakes, springs and thick forests provide a fitting backdrop to the ancient Shiva and Vishnu temples of Chamba town, some of which date back to the 10th century Dalhousie, is located on five small hills. Bharmaur, is famous for its Pahari architecture, Nurpur for its handspun textiles.
  • Chandigarh: The city of Chandigarh was built in the 1950s: its architect, Le Corbusier, designed the layout as well as several public buildings. The city has wide roads, flowering trees and gardens and a beautiful manmade lake at the foot of the Shivalik Hills. A large rose garden with hundreds of different kinds of roses and a rock garden with statues made out of broken ceramic pieces are among the attractions of the charming, quiet city.
  • Church of Bom Jesus: Located in Old Goa. The body of St. Francis Xavier, who died in the island of Sancian, is burned here.
  • Cochin: Cochin is a port city with a rich past and bustling present. Pepper, ginger, turmeric, cashew and coir are exported from here and the local fishermen continue to use Chinese fishing nets.
  • Corbett National Park: Named after the famous hunter, conservator and author Jim Corbett, the Park was established as early as 1935 and was India’s first wildlife park situated in Uttarakhand. The Park covers a forested area of 521 sq.kms. and besides the famous Kumaon tiger, provides a home for the panther, wild boar, sloth bear, elephant, deer, crocodile and various species of snakes, birds and fish.
  • Dashavatara Temple: Situated at Deogarh in the District of Lalitpur. It is constructed of stone. It shows a rudimentary shikhara, which became the most characteristic feature of the north Indian style.
  • Dilwara Temple: The temple, devoted to Adinath, was built at the begining of the eleventh century, the another dedicated to Neminath, the largest and most beautiful of the temples here, was built in 1230.
  • Dwarkadhish Temple: The importance of Dwarka is due to the magnificent temple of Dwarakadhish dedicated to Krishna. The Nejamandir, as the sanctum is known, is assignable to the 12-13th centuries A.D, while the rest of the temple including the five-storeyed mahamandapa was built in the 15-16th century A.D.
  • Ellora and Ajanta: 400 kms. away from Mumbai is Aurangabad, an arrival point for Ellora (25 kms. away) and Ajanta (100 kms. away). Ellora has 34 rock cut temples of three faiths—Budhist, Jain and Brahmanic Hindu. One of the most interesting historical sites in India, these manmade caves were literally scooped out of solid rock.
  • Fatehpur Sikri and Buland Darawaja: Only 35 km from Agra, lies Fatehpur Sikri, the town which Akbar had built before the gates of Agra around 1570 AD. He intended to make this his new capital, but had to abandon this plan around 1590 AD, due to the shortage of water.
  • Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath: High up in the Garhwal Himalayas, in company With awesome, snow encrusted peaks lie shrines of Gangotri, Yamunotri; Kedarnath the holy& Badrinath. The starting place for a visit to these shrines is Rishikesh and traditionally the pilgrimage begins with Yamunotri, the westernmost shrin lowed by Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath.
  • Gir Forest and Game Sanctuary: This open scrub country with dry thorn forests is the last stronghold of situated Asiatic has in lion. increased Gujarat.Now a protected their numbers species, to about careful 200. It is situated in Gujarat.
  • Girnar: Near Junagadh, Girnar is the second most famous place of Jain pilgrimage in Gujarat after pali- tana.
Goa
  • Goa: Goa’s Portuguese history, began in 1510 AD and ended in 1961, makes for a fabulous amalgam of Iber. and Indian, Christian and Hindu lifestyles “Golden Goa” was the capital of the Portuguese empire in the east & they imposed upon its essentially Hindu environment their own architectural styles, their reli. gion & their lifestyle. Strung along the 100 km. coast. line are some of the most dazzling beaches in the world, golden stretches against aquamarine expanses.
  • Golden Temple: Located in Amritsar, Punjab, the Golden Temple serves as the most important place of worship for the Sikhs. Originally built in 1604 AD, the temple sustained repeated damage from attacks by Afghan invaders. The Temple was built in the late 16th century by the gurus Ram Das and Anan Dev, but it was later sacked and had to be substantially rebuilt in the 1760s. During the early 19th-century, in the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the temple was rebuilt using marble, copper, and an overlay of gold foil. The Golden Temple houses the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book, left by Guru Govind Singh, and the Akal Takht, or the seat of Sikh religious authority.
  • Gol Gumbaz: It is the mausoleum of Muhammad Adil Shah and is the largest domed structure in the world (about 60 metres high and with a square foundation, 60×60 metres). It was completed in 1659 AD and has the famous “whispering gallery”.
  • Gompas of Ladakh: A monastery in Ladakh is called Gompa. Gompas are usually the highest buildings in the village & some of them like the Takse Gompa are several storeys high. They all contain exclusive images of the Buddha and some of the other gods of the Buddhist pantheon.
  • Guru Ka Bagh: A small shrine near Amritsar was erected to commemorate the visit of Guru Arjun. Haridwar and Rishikesh: At -the foot of the Garhwal Himalayas, the Ganga flows quietly into the holy city of Haridwar. 24 kms. north of Handwar Rishikesh. It is here that the sacred river transforms itself from a rushing torrent, ideal for river-rafting into a meandering waterway.
  • Hathi Singh Temple: Built in 1848, in Ahmedabad, it is dedicated to Dharamanath the 15th Jain tirthankara, or fordmaker. Hundreds of Columns support the roof of the structure.
  • Hill Resorts Udhagamandnlnm (Ooty) and Kodai-Kanal: It is perhaps in the hill resorts that the British influence on life styles is most evident today. Situated ed at heights of 1800m and more are several charming towns in the cool and beautiful hills of the interior.
  • Humayun’s Tomb: Located in Delhi, the foreign influence first appeared in this tomb. It was built during Akbar’s period.
  • Hyderabad & Golconda: In the 16th and 17th century the Qutab Shahi dynasty held sway over a tunes, area around Golconda, their capital near large Hyderabad. Salar Jung museum in Hyderabad houses, an extraordinary private collection which contains some beautiful and unique objects.
  • Indore and Ujain: Indore is the western metropolis of Madhya Pradesh. Well and truly on the Malwa plateau, it is a region of fertile, black cotton-growing soil. 35 kms. from Indore is Uijain, a place of Hindu pilig-image. Every 12 years a great fair, the ‘kumbh mela’, is held at Ujain.
  • Iron Pillar: At Mehrauli (New Delhi) in the courtyard where stands the Qutab Minar, is the famous iron pillar, dedicated to Vishnu, Its date is unknown but it is said to have been erected by Gupta King Chandragupta Il. It is a marvel in itself as it is forged of a single piece of pure iron which has not rusted or been affected in any way by the weather through the centuries. An other similar but larger 4th century iron pillar, in a broken condition, is at Dhar in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Jammu: It has a number of temple complexes, and Vaishno Devi, the most important shrine for Hindus in north India, is just 60 kms. away.
  • Jamaat-Khana Mosque: This red sandstone mosque in Delhi, attached to the Tomb of Hazarat Nizamuddin Auliya, was built during Alaud-Din Khilji’s reign and is wholly Islamic in architectural style.
  • Jamali Kamali Mosque: The construction of this mosque was commenced in about 1528-29 AD in Mehrauli.
  • Jama Masjid, Delhi: Built by Shah Jahan within a period of six years (1650-56) at a cost of rupees 10 lakhs. It was constructed after the transfer of capital from Agra to Delhi. The magnificent mosque is ranked as the largest and most eminent of the buildings of its class in India.
  • Jama Masjid, Bijapur: Located at Bijapur, it was built and decorated in the time of Muhammad Adil Shah (1627 -56) and was never completed. Its conAdil Shah on started 1 (1558-80).in the beginning of the rule of Ali Adil Shah I(1558-80)
  • Jama Masjid, Srinagar: Located in Srinagar, it was originally founded in 1393-94 by Sultan Sikandar and was subsequently enlarged by his son Zamul-Abidin (1420-70).
  • Jaipur: The capital of Rajasthan, ‘the pink city’, was built in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh Il. Some of the not-to-be-missed places of interest are the City Palace Museum, the City Palace itself the Jantar Mantar, an 18th century observatory, and the legendary Hawa Mahal, which ig really not a palace but an intricate facade of hundreds of airy windows.
  • Jama Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri: Located in Fatehpur Sikri, it was built in about 1571 by Akbar. It is the most impressive building in the whole group of magnificent buildings of Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri. It is occupying a total area of 166m by 144m.
  • Jantar Mantar: India’s biggest Astronomical observator is located in Jantar mantar (Jaipur): It was build by sawai Jai Singh-2. 2010 This observator got UNESCO heritage list.
  • Jaya Stambha Temple: The Jain temple of Jaya Stambha, Ranakpur, has elaborately carved stone towers (sikharas) which culminate fimals.
  • Jodhpur: In the early 13th century the Rathors of Kanauj in Uttar Pradesh moved to the blazing heartland of Rajasthan, and their land came to be called Marwar. The Fort of Jodhpur is a steep climb through seven gateways, and houses a museum and some beautiful sandstone carvings.
  • Junagadh: An old, sleepy town with a number of notable ruins and building which tell the sad tale of a hitherto glorious past.
  • Jwala Mukhi Temple: About 30 km. south of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, it is a famous temple picturesquely located on the crest of hill. Inside are half a dozen or so natural flames which Hindus regard as divine, emerging out of the mouth of Sati (Consort of Shiva).
  • Kailashnath Temple: The most important of Pallava temples is the Kailashnath Temple built by king Rajasimha at the beginning of the 8th century AD.
  • Kamakhya Temple: Situated in the town of Guwahati, Asom, the Kamakshya Temple is a centre of Hindu pilgrimage and typical of the old architectural style of the state in north-eastern India.
  • Kandariya Mahadev Temple: Both the interior and the exterior of the Kandariya Mahadev temple at Khajuraho are decorated with a host of beautiful female figures and with scenes of couples making love which suggest esoteric rites that included sexual practices.
  • Keoladeo National Park (Bharatpur): This 26 sq.km. tract plays host to the largest concentration and variety of birdlife in Asia situated in Rajasthan. A regular visitor, the rare Siverian crane, flies some 7000 kms.
  • Khajuraho: The temples of Khajuraho are India’s unique gift to the world. Built between 950 A.D.-1050 A.D. in an inspired burst of creativity by the Chandela Rajput*, these temples are a joyful ode to life depicted in exquisite carvings. Of the 85 original temples, 22 still remain.
  • Konark: The Sun Temple, built by Narasimha Deva I in 13th century, is conceived as a chariot of the Sun god. Kulu and Mannali: On the banks of the Beas river, at an altitude of 1,200 m., is the Kulu valley famous for its apple orchards, its gods and temples, and its folk songs and dances. The sulphur springs of Vashisht are 3 kms. away, on the road to the 3,900m. high Rohtang Pass, a drive of unparalleled beauty in itself
  • Ladh Khan Temple: It is the earliest temple of the region at Aihole, a distance of 13km from Pattadakal. It was built during Chalukya period, about 6th-7th centuries.
  • Lakshadweep: Located some 200-400 kms. off the coast of Kerala, the 36 islands of Lakshadweep have a total area of 32 sq.km. Scattered over a large ocean area they are a tropical paradise, their waters rich in marine life. The lagoons around the islands are beautiful and clear, offering excellent opportunities for swimming, snorkeling and sun bathing.
  • Lakshman Temple: It is the most developed temple among the temples of Post-Gupta period. It is brick built temple and located at Sirpur in the district of Raipur in Chhattisgarh. It belongs to the beginning of the 7th century.
  • Lal Darwaza Mosque, Jaunpur: The mosque was built in about 1450 AD., attributed to Bibi Raji, the Queen of Sultan Mahmud Shah (1436-58 AD).
  • Mahabodhi Temples: It is the world-famous temple, located at Bodh-Gaya in the District of Gaya (Bihar). It.é square sanctum carries a lofty (55m high) Panchratna-sikhara of a straight-edged pyramidical design, demarcated into 7 stories by Bhumiamalakas and embellished with bold chaitya-domes and niches framed by plasters. The Mahabodi Temple enshrining an image of Buddha in the earth-touching altitude marks the site of the holy tree under which Siddhartha Gautama saw the light and became ‘Buddha’ or ‘Enlightened One’.
  • Mahakuteshwara: It is situated near Badami in the district of Bijapur. It has a group of temples of whicy one known as Sangameshwara. These temples wen built during the Chalukya period.
  • Makka Masjid, Hyderabad: The construction of the imposing mosque in the orthodox style is said to hav been started in 1617 AD by Muhammad Qutub Sha (1612-87 AD) and finally completed in 1693 AD Aurangzeb.
  • Mandu: A 90 km. westward drive from Indore brini one to Mandu, said to be the largest, deserted fortifi( city in the world. Perched at an altitude of 600 m. the Vindhya hills, Mandu was ruled over by sever dynasties, each leaving behind architectural gems. These include the Jahaz and Hindola Mahals and the palace of Baz Bahadur.
  • Marble Rocks: 23 km. from Jabalpur are the Marble Rocks, tall gleaming limestone cliffs, on either side of the Narmada.
  • Srirangapatnam: Located near the ruins of the palace of Tipu Sultan of Mysore (1783.99) and just within the Bangalore gate of his capital of Snrangapatnam. It was built by Tippu Sultan in 1786-87.
  • Mathura and Vrindavan: Popularly known as Bhoomi’, the region of Matura and Vrindavan on the west bank of the Yamuna is sacred to Lord Krishna who was born here.
  • Meenakshi Temple: Meenakshi was originally a South Indian mother goddess who only, later on, became identified with Parvati. The temple area, enclosed by a high wall with four colossal gate towers (gopuram), is like a town by itself Located within the walls are two temples dedicated to Meenakshi and Sundareshwara respectively.
  • Modhera: 104 km. north west of Ahmedabad, it has a beautiful Sun temple built by the Solanki dynasty.
  • Mosque of Malik Mughiz, Mandu: The Masjid was built in 1432 by Malik Mughiz, the chief minister of Hoshang Shah. It is known as one of the best mosques in the Malwa style.
  • Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque: The Moti Masjid is known as the Pearl Mosque. It is situated in Agra (U.P.). It was built during the period of Shahjahan (1627-58). A splendid style was adopted in this period in the construction work.
  • Mount Abu: One of the most sacred places of Jain pilgrimage, Mt. Abu is situated at an altitude of 1,200 m. and is Rajasthan’s only hill resort. The main attractions are the Nakki lake and the Dilwara Jain temples.
  • Mussorie, Nainital, Almora, Ranikhet: Mussoorie was created by the British to escape the heat and dust of the plains. It offers some panoramic views of the Himalayas. As popular as Mussoorie is Nainital, a sparkling beautiful lake resort in the Kumaon hills. 65 kms. from Nainital is the town of Almora. Perched on a 5 km. ridge this hill station has a majestic view of the snow clad Himalayas. They are situated in Uttarakhand.
  • Mukteshwara Temple: This temple was built around the mid-ninth century A.D in Bhubaneswar. It is a very low temple with the temple spire only ten meters high, but is a real treasure of Indian art with sculptures of exquisite detail and enchanting vitality
  • Mundeshvari Temple (Old Mandaleshvara): It is stone temple, located at Ramgarh in the district Of Rohtas, Bihar. It is an octagonal shrine (12.20m in diameter) of 8 principal offsets with 4 doorways in the Cardinal directions and 4 niches in the corners, each flanked by a pair of smaller niches. The temple is securely dated in 636 AD by an inscription.

India’s top historical places Meenakshi temple Madurai, Fathepur Sikri history these made all ancient places and Mumbai famous landmarks in India. There is a history of Dakshina Kannada in Karnataka with most historical places in India. There were many historical forts of India and many beautiful important monuments in India.

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